Page 35 - Land of Legends
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Jefferson County CAMP WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS CONFEDERATE CEMETERY For 137 years the graves of Confederate soldiers who perished from an unknown disease called “swamp fever” while encamped near present day Sulphur Springs have been almost forgotten. Today the Confederate Cemetery is not only a historical landmark but truly a showcase for Civil War enthusiasts. As many as 100 soldiers have been identified and have 65 headstones in place with additional markers ordered. Before the War Between the States, Sulphur Springs was well-known for its medicinal waters and the area was utilized as a resort. The Confederate hospi- tal was moved from Pine Bluff to Sulphur Springs where a female college, the Methodist Church and a boarding house were used to quarter the sick soldiers. It has been speculated that the southern camps were established close by due to the healing power of the springs located just west of the cemetery. There was also a strategic military reasoning that led General Thomas C. Hindman, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department at Little Rock, to bring troops from Arkansas, Missouri, Texas and Louisiana. It is reported that Confederate headquarters, formerly at Pine Bluff, under the command of Brigadier General John Seldon Roane was moved to White Sulphur Springs to support as many as 10,000 troops. While encamped many soldiers became sick, victims of an unknown disease that ravaged their ranks striking a terrible toll that has been estimated at nearly 200 deaths. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, this Southern memorial ground can be reached by taking Highway 79 South (Camden Road) from Pine Bluff turning west on Highway 54 (Sulphur Springs Road). You are there when you turn north on Luckwood Road. THE BATTLE OF PINE BLUFF The Battle of Pine Bluff - the Jefferson County Courthouse in downtown Pine Bluff is the site where Union forces under the command of Colonel Powell Clayton repulsed a Confederate attack led by General John S. Marmaduke. Hastily erected breastworks of cotton bales prevented the recapture of the town on October 25, 1863. Pine Bluff remained under Federal control the remainder of the war. 36 

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